Fumigation is a specialised service and ignorance of this process can lead to outrageous consequences for cargo

Generally fumigation is done for wood material used for packing of goods to be exported. The buyer insists supplier to fumigate cargo and asks to produce fumigation certificate along with other export documents

Fumigation is a legal requirement by the buyer in most of the countries. So fumigation certificate is issued by the fumigator by obtaining approval for fumigation from the licensing authority

Most of the countries will not allow importing goods without fumigation certificate

Fumigation is a method of killing pests, termites or any other harmful living organisms to prevent transfer of exotic unwanted organisms from one country to another

Fumigation is a sanative control technique and is an unavoidable requirement; lethal to all stages of insect development - eggs, larvae, pupa and adult it not only kills live infestations, but also helps to check the spread of unwanted pests

Fumigation is a process of exposing insects or material infested by insects to the fumes of a chemical at a lethal strength in an enclosed space for a given period of time

Fumigation is executed by exposing or poisoning pest and insects to the fumes of a chemical at a lethal strength within an area of specified space for a given period of time. The fumes kill the insects and thus safeguard the valuable cargo of the customer

Fumigation is done after completion of stuffing of cargo and closing the door of container. The result of such fumigation is more effective, as the gases used for fumigation circulates all spaces in the container without spreading gas outside, as the container is closed

In rare cases empty container before stuffing of cargo is fumigated

The method of fumigation is not allowed for the cargo for certain food products for direct consumption and other specified goods

Fumigation is carried out mainly with two types of fumigants: 1) METHLY BROMIDE GAS 2) PHOSPHINE GAS TABLETS

Other widely used fumigants are Chloropicrin, Phosphate, Dichloropropene, Methyl isocynate, hydrogen cyanide, sulfuryl fluoride, formaldehyde etc